Get Connected!
Utilizing the Internet will make your career search more fun and efficient  

You're almost done with school and the thought of more schooling doesn't appeal to you. You need to find a job, but where do you start?  How about the Web!
Where to learn more...

Occupational Outlook Handbook--Economists 

The Bureau of Labor Statistics publishes information on economics as a career

Nature of the Work

Working Conditions

Employment

Training, Other Qualifications, and Advancement

Job Outlook

Earnings

Related Occupations

Sources of Additional Information

Introduction 

You're almost done with school and the thought of more schooling doesn't appeal to you. You need to find a job, but where do you start? You could go to the local library to check out a mega-stack of how-to books, you could register at the University Career Center and spend countless hours getting lost in telephone-book-sized reference volumes...or you could connect to the Internet and have instant access to the all those resources and more with the simple click of a mouse. Are you logging on yet?

Research is one of those tasks for which the Internet was born. It's a researcher's dream: a worldwide library at your fingertips that you can access anytime, day or night, without ever leaving the comforts of your home. Time and again you can turn up exactly what you were searching for - from career fields, companies, and the requirements of specific jobs, to information about geographical areas you'd like to move to.

If you're an economics major looking for a career in economics, a sensible step would be to visit any major search engine such as Yahoo or AltaVista and type in "economics careers." Easy enough. You'll find hundreds of useful links and off you go. But before you start clicking your way into a blissful, higher state of being, there's a general process to the job hunt to consider. First, you'll want to know what careers are available to economics majors (it's a good idea to have a target before you start shooting). Once you've narrowed down the specific job or jobs you want you're ready to start researching companies that offer these types of positions. After you've identified a strong list of potential companies to be your next employer, research key contacts within that organization. Finally, you'll want to craft a resume to send that gets results. Did you know the Internet could help you do all that? Well it can, and here are some of the finest Web resources to check out as you get cracking on your hi-tech search for your new career.   

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Where to learn more...

Researching associations will save you a lot of time and energy since they exist to harness resources for their special interest.

http://www.eco.utexas.edu/joe/ - Here's a good example of a university department links page provided jointly by the American Economic Association and the Economics Department of the University of Texas at Austin with special links for Careers in Economics.

http://www.vanderbilt.edu/AEA/ - The American Economic Association Web site sponsored by Vanderbilt University.

http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos055.htm - A great economics resource page from the Occupational Outlook Handbook provided by the Bureau of Labor and Statistics.

http://tigger.stcloudstate.edu/
~econas/econlinks.html
- St. Cloud State's Economics Department provides economics-related links from around the world.

http://www.asaenet.org/ - American Society of Association Executives. If you want to find more information about a particular field, this site will give you a list of associations that are online, as well as those that aren't.
Finding Careers in Economics  

What types of careers are available to economics majors? What exactly do economics graduates do? What businesses hire students of economics? Hopefully this is not the first time you've asked these questions, but even if it is, the Internet is the place to go to find answers.

As mentioned to earlier, it is easy to log on to the Information Super-Highway only to find you don't have a map to where you're going. This next bit of advice is going to save you lots of time and energy: research associations!  Associations are groups of individuals who organize in order to pool resources within a particular niche, academic field or profession. These special-interest groups help their cause and constituents through networking and planning for the growth and stability of their field. You will save yourself much time and effort by visiting these associations who've already done your work for you. University departments often list links of related associations and career resources on their Internet sites. Surf your university's Web site to see if your economic department has a page with links for economics careers and associations. If you want quick action, simply follow the links provided and you will find plenty of information on careers in economics. 

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Where to learn more...

100hot - If you're looking for information about a big company, this site ranks the 100 top Fortune 500 corporate sites.

Yahoo! - An impressive list. Choose "Directories" to get links to over 400 directories.

Dun & Bradstreet - Dun & Bradstreet offers information about companies - millions of them. If you want a detailed report, it will cost you.

Starting Point-Business - Starting Point has a great collection of commercial directories at this site.

Yahoo! Professional Organizations

Researching Companies 

Once you have the name of an organization or company that looks interesting or is hiring, you'll want to do preliminary research to find out as much about it as you possibly can. Specifically, you should make a comparison sheet to research annual sales, size, trade name, immediate parent, ultimate parent, operational structure, ownership structure, Web address, or physical location. Why should you be researching an organization? Here are at least two good reasons:

(1) to let the interviewer know that you were interested enough in the job to learn something about them before coming in for the interview.

(2) to protect yourself from making a horrible mistake - taking a job that you'll soon have to quit, because of something that you didn't know or bother to find out before you started there.

Visiting company Web sites is one of the best ways to do your research and develop a more comprehensive view of what an organization does. Most companies list employment opportunities or have an entire employment section. In addition, there are many Web sites that provide search-and-click functionality for finding overviews, financial reports, and profiles about companies.

Visit the following sites to zero-in on your list of companies:

CompaniesOnline - On this site you can search for information on over 100,000 public and private companies. You can register for free and then find out the annual sales, employee size, trade name, immediate parent, ultimate parent, contact name, contact title, e-mail, location type, ownership structure, Web and e-mail addresses and much more for a particular company, if they have it.

SalesLeads USA - If you want a report about smaller companies, this site lists 100 million households and 10 million businesses. Click on "American Yellow Pages," complete the registration form and then find a business that interests you on the search form. They give you a map with the business location and for $5.00 you can immediately get a profile of the company or organization including key executives, number of employees, estimated annual sales, credit rating code, other lines of business and fax numbers.

Hoover's Online - A respected name in the directory world. On this site, they have company profiles, financial reports, and company capsules (brief overview, Web sites and links) available to subscribers. Job hunters get a free trial subscription.

American City Business Journals - Under the title of "Back Issues, Search for..." this site will simultaneously search all its archives (of 39 weekly business journals for various U.S. cities) for any mention of a company or organization you are interested in.

Mansfield U. - Business/Economics Reference. To get you started, Mansfield University's Library has a wonderful collection of business and economics references - like having a whole library at your fingertips.

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Where to learn more...

The following Web sites provide you with tools to find individuals within organizations - individuals who you might not otherwise have access to.

Email Address-Finding Tools - Here are enough tools to help you find the e-mail address of just about anyone.

555-1212.com - This site says it will look up area codes, telephone numbers, e-mail addresses, and Web sites for you.

American Society of Association Executives

Making Contacts 

Getting a foot in the door is one of the most difficult tasks for the job hunter. It's one thing if you already know someone at a desirable company or at least know someone who knows someone; it's another thing if you don't. It is an undisputed fact that networking is the best way to get an interview. However, there are situations where you don't have that advantage - perhaps the company you are researching is in another state or country. Do not despair, the Internet may be all the connection you need. There are ways to get personnel information such as telephone, fax or e-mail by searching the Web. Having this information will allow you to contact the manager who will be staffing the department or hiring for a listed employment opportunity. The Internet is your competitive advantage here. Contacting managers by phone can get tricky because they often screen calls to keep focused on their daily priorities. The way to by-pass that is by e-mailing your contact. Although managers do screen calls, they are much more likely to respond to e-mail since they can do so at their leisure. A simple e-mail message stating your interest in the company, with a short summary of your background, can be your ticket to getting an interview. Close your letter by asking permission to send a resume and you're in!

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Where to learn more...

The following sites have hundreds of sample resumes and coverletters that will help you fine tune your own.

Wired Resumes

200 Letters for Job Hunters

Articles on Writing a Resume - Lists of and links to dozens of articles on the Web about resume writing.

Job Smart

Damn Good Resumes

ProvenResumes.com - Contains some very helpful directions about constructing an electronic resume.

Linking to Online Resume Help 

By this time you have identified the job you want, researched a list of companies you want to work for, and targeted the specific manager you need to contact to discuss how you will be an asset to their organization. One thing you're still unsure of - your resume! Never fear. The Internet has sites designed to help you develop a resume that gets results. Not only will the Internet guide you to sites strictly devoted to helping you craft an effective resume, it will help you get it to your contact instantly, via e-mail. The sites provided in the left-hand column will help you develop a results-oriented resume, from start to finish, for both print and electronic versions. One thing to keep in mind: if you mail your resume, you can make it look as nice as you wish; but if you want to send it by e-mail, as is often the case, it's going to look very bland in plain old ASCII e-mail font - stripped of all its lovely formatting and the "nice look" of the original. There are three things you can do to avoid this:

(1) Put this sentence at the end of your resume: "An attractive and fully formatted hard copy version of this document is available upon request."

(2) Format your resume with AOL 4.0, Netscape Communicator's Messenger or Microsoft Internet Explorer 4's Outlook Express.

(3) Send an HTML file version of your resume and your contact will be open it in his/her Web browser. Newer versions of Microsoft Word allow you to save your word document as an HTML file.

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Where to learn more...

The job sites and summaries in the next column are organized by category in order to help your search. Each catagory represents a different set of parameters for the jobs being offered and, thus, provides a greater diversity of search results.

Sites include:

Job Listings by U.S. Region
Job Listings Worldwide
Job Listings-State Employment Service Offices
Job Listings-Newspaper Classified Ads or Agencies

Web Resources 

Finally, link to these Web resources where hundreds of thousands of employment opportunities are listed. You can also post your resume on many of these sites and, supposedly, employers will come looking for you. Be advised: though it is true that job hunters flock to new technologies as an aid to job hunting, employers are much less motivated to search the web for prospective employees. There are countless thousands of posted resumes compared to the relatively few employers who are reading them. Don't waste too much time posting your resume on every site. Instead, contact the companies and individuals who can set up an interview.

General Information

Peterson's Careers and Jobs Channels
Informative articles, links, and help and advice from the premier career resource on the web.

Job Listings by U.S. Region

http://www.wm.edu/csrv/career/stualum/jregion.html
Experts who guide actual job hunters successfully in their search through job listings on the Internet are increasingly finding that the key to a successful search is found on the regional sites more often than on the big national sites.

Job Listings Worldwide

The World Wide Web Employment Office
This site has links to countries all around the world. Also, its employment opportunities are organized by occupation rather than by industry.

The Monster Board
Choosing "International" from the index on the left will give you access to global jobs. You can choose from about countries around the world, or you can choose the Monster Board in Australia, Canada, the Netherlands, or the United Kingdom.

Jobspace: The European Space for Jobs
This site primarily links to jobs in Europe and is heavily weighted toward Belgium and Germany.

Jobsite
A United Kingdom site.

Europages, The European Business Directory
For those looking for work in Europe. You can search by country, company name and data. It also has a list (with links) to other sites that have economic data about Europe.

Job Listings from State Employment Service Offices

America's Job Bank
This site is maintained by the U.S. Department of Labor and the state-operated public Employment Service and links state Employment Service offices that - as you might expect - know about all kinds of job vacancies or postings.

Job Listings from Newspaper Classified Ads or Agencies

CareerPath.com
This site enables you to simultaneously search some or all of the current daily classified ads from almost 60 U.S. newspapers - including most of the major ones (e.g., The Washington Post, New York Times, Chicago Tribune, and Los Angeles Times are included).

JobBank USA MetaSEARCH - Newspapers
This meta-search site has a special section called Newspaper Search, and here you can link to the want ads of many of the smaller U.S. newspapers sorted by area code. You may find small newspapers (and their ads) that you didn't even know existed.

American Journalism Review NewsLink
Newspapers are now online worldwide, and they are all indexed (and linked to) here: national papers, dailies, business papers, campus newspapers and alternative papers.

National Ad Search
Display ads in "help-wanted" sections of newspapers differ from normal want-ads in that they are more than one column in width and tend to be for higher-paying jobs. This site has about 10,000 of them, culled from the Sunday newspapers in over 60 U.S. metropolitan areas.

CareerPost This site has job listings taken from the last two Sunday editions of The Washington Post in a display called JobView.

HandiLinks to Agencies
Links to employment agencies - temporary agencies, talent agencies, modeling agencies, and every other kind of agent who is online and anxious to sign you up (often for a fee, of course) and try to place you.

Job Safari
They claim to be the largest index of companies with employment information on the Internet, with fresh links to those pages - categorized by alphabet and location.

America's Job Bank
Clicking on the "Job Seekers" button and then "Employer Sites" takes you to an impressive alphabetical list of employers with links to their Web.

Employer's Direct

Whois Lookup
Here you can type in any part of an organization's name and it will look up to see what domain names are registered to that organization (if any) on the Internet.

HeadHunter.NET
This is a commercial employment site belonging to Headhunters.

Weddle's Web Guide
On the site of the National Business Employment Weekly. A guide to major job listing sites.

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